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CALUSA INDIANS KEY LARGO HISTORY AND THE FLORIDA KEYS
For more than three hundred years, beginning with the passage of the Spanish treasure galleons, piracy was one more of the many hazards facing vessels voyaging the Straits of Florida.
On April 2, 1513 Ponce de Leon claimed Florida ( La Florida) in the name of Spain.Indians right's were never considered.Florida was owned and governed by the Spain from 1513. It was traded to England in 1763. It was taken back by Spain in 1783. Then sold to the United Statesin 1819. Ratification of the Adams -Onis treaty of 1819 made Florida a U.S Territory February 22, 1821.
While under Spanish ownership various land grants were issued.Key West- Juan Pabio Salas- 1815,Marathon w/4 islands - Francisco Lorenzo Ferreira 1814,Key Biscayne - Pedro Fornells,Key West was sold to John Simonton of Mobile, Alabama in 1822 for $2,000. Simonton divided Key West up amongst three others; Whitehead, Fleeming and Greene May 23, 1828.Marathon was sold to Issac Cox of St.Augustine in 1824 for $3,000.Duck Key was sold to Solomon Snyder of New York in 1823.
1821 there were no U.S statues on Wrecking. Only the "common law at sea" and a Bahamian Admiralty Court.1821 Ratification of Adams Onis Treaty 1822 John Simonton purchased the Island of Key West from Juan Pablo Salas on January 19, 1822.
KEY WEST : Cay Hueso,Key- "Cayo" from the Taina Indians of Hispanola and Cuba referring to "small island".Hueso [way-so] ( sounds like west). The spanish word Hueso mean bones in English.
Key West was a natural deep water port and was the deepest port between New Orlenes and Norfolk,Virginia. It was situated on the primary shipping route. This route caused some unavoidable wrecks on the reef. This was due to the direction of the wind and the force of the Gulf stream and the depth of the reef.
1822 Florida became U.S Teritory
Navy Lt. Matthew C. Perry sailed into Key West on March 25, 1822 to control the port in the name of the United States. West India Squadron.LT.Perry changed the name of Key West to "Thompson Island" for the Secretary of the Navy. Smith, Thompson and the harbor "
Port Rogers" for the president of the board on Navy Commisoners.1822 Key West was declared an official port of entry.
Act of 1822 , 10th section authroized a custom house. Mr, Joel Young was the first collector of customs.1822 Summer- Jack B Housman Sailed into port at Key West to make repairs on his ship William Henery. Jacob met, John Simontom.Jacob went to Cuba to hall cargo to St. Augustinre, contacts ( Enrique Laria),Charleston Bilingham Co.(Edgar Tucker),Mobile
April 1823 Monroe County is established,Key West became home to a number of aristocratic famioies from Mobile,New Orlenes, Virginia, Massachusettes, Connecticut and New York.Fisherman, turtlers , Cubans with fresh produce and fruit. Business sprung up. It created Jobs, Buildings, Stores, Shops warehouses and houses
Wrecking Act of July 4, 1823.
it contained 14 sections provided tht salvagers of wrecked property brought into the territory must report to the nearest justice of peace, or notartg republic (section one). Section two gave the officer the duty to gather a jury of five. Section three gave the compostion of the jry as the members nominated by the salvagers, two by the owners and one by the justice or notary. Other sections established court costs, advertisment, required a certified copy to be sent to the clerk of the Superior Court ect. As there was not a Superior Court in Key.
Porter took over the island (military rule) (Autocratic ruler) (martial law)Named the naval depot "Allenton" after Lt. William Allen who was killed by pirates.Established two storehouses, officer quarters barracks and maine hospital. The island was perfectly situated to guard the gateway to the U.S Gulf Coast and to serve as a base tp protect shipping in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.Porter Sailors seized firewood and killed the livestock of the town people. He prohibted the sale of the land and the occupation of new land without his approval.
From December,1824 to December 1825 wrecked property totalling $293,353,00 was auctioned off to Key West Between August 1824 and March 1825, the Federal Revenue took in over $35,000.
Comet Applebee Bella Dolores James Johnson Rosalie Edward Richards- Captins the worked with Appleby.Porter- topsail schooner- Grampus.La Centilla - privateer ship .Captin Charles Hopner conferre with Appleby.April 1824 Appleby extended his business enterprise by underwriting with a partner named Snyder, constucted and operated a store on Indian Key. The store was under the manament of Silas Fletcher.
Joseph Price became partner and he helped Silas Fletcher build a house. Then Flectcher brought his wife, Avis and the two young'uns to the island. Prince and Fletcher partnership was in 1825. Business was good so they bought out Snyder and Appleby and went it on our own. It didnt last too long Prince had to go back to Massachusetts. He sold out to Fletcher in May 1825".Indian Key wasn"t as remote as it seems. Alligator Reef Reef was there and many wreckers passed. Mr.Thomas Gibson had plans to buy out Fletcher and expan the facilities so wreckers can stay.
Simonton divided Key West up amongst himself and his three partners, Pardon C., Green, John Whitehead and W.C Fleeming.
March 3 , 1829 there was a rare appearance of pirates, reported in Tavernier. They attacked the brig Attentive and all but one person was killed.During the same time John Whitehead's brother , William, surveyed the city in 1829. Southard was the Secretary of The Navy, hence Southard Street and Eaton was Secretary of The Army, hence Eaton Street. William Duval was the first territoral governor of Florida hence Duval Street.
March 4, 1824 William Duval became the first territor governor.Tallahassee was selected for the capital. 1825 the Federal Wrecking Act prescribed that all property wrecked in the U.S waters be taken to an U.S port of Entry. 1826 Pre-emptive Right Claim,1828 The City of Key West is incorporated.1828 Key West was designated a Port of Entry. Congress created the Superior Court of The Southern Districk.
The Wrecking business presented a unique opportunity to obtain money and power. In the 1820's the wrecking business was controlled by the few Key West merchamts. They owner the Wharves, Warehouse and all the other business in town. Through collusive agreements they controled the govenment. ( Lawyers and Judges)Jacob wanted a way to circument this practice.
By 1830 Applebye was back living in Key West. Served as a captain of 52' wrecking schooner . Mary Aron
Richard Fitzpatrick: 1) Authorized Auctioneer 2) Owned several wrecking ships. 3) Monroe County Territoial Council Reresenative ( 1836) 1829 First news paper register,1831 Key West Gazette,1834 Enquirer Salt Producer 5) In the 1830's aquired extensive land holdings in The New Dade County. AUCTIONS EVERY FEW WEEKS George Walton 1st appointed auctioneer salary 5%.
Given Key West it's own court in 1828 for hearing salvage cases. James Webb, was the first Judge of this Superior Court. The 1830 population of Monroe County had climed to 517 people, including 96 aliens, 83 colored and 66 were slaves
1830 Jacob was searching for an island to call port. He needed an island that was high and dry. It had to have deep water channel, to accomodate a shallow-draft vessels. A tradionial wrecking sloop or schooner draw 6' to 8 ' of water. It has to be near Carysfort and Alligator Reef. This is where most wrecks occured.Indian Key is opposite Alligator reef and 35 miles s/w of Caryford. In the Fall of 1830 Thomas Egan sold an house on Indian key to Jacob Housman. It was purchased for the sum of $324.00, Egan was in depth to Houseman.
In ,1824 Appleby and his partner Snyhder opened a store on Indian Key. Silas Fletcher built and managed the store.In 1825 Silas Fletcher and Joseph Prince formed a partnership . They bought Appleby and Fletcher out. In 1830 Thomas Gibson bought the silas Fletcher Business. It was sold for the sum of $2,500.In 1831 Jacob Housman bought Inidan Key from Thomas Gibson. The purchase price $5,000. This included the rights to claim of ownership of the enitre island. It also came with a store, a two- story building that served as a hotel. The hotel had a bowling alley and a pool table. Jacob pursed his plan for making Indian Key into his own tropical paradise. He plotted streets buildings and a wharf, with the help of caprpenters blacksmiths and slave labor, he constucted wharves and a large warehouse.He build shops for the carpenters, sail maker and blacksmith.
He had cottages built to house the workers. Most of the islands residents were wreckers and turtleres. Others were store keepers, carpenters , blacksmiths, labors and slaves. Nearly all of them owner their allegiance to Jacob Housman either as his employees , slaves or through indebtedness to him.
1842 ( an act to provied for the armed occupation and settlement of the unsettled part of the peninsula of east Florida) signed August 4th 1842.This gave settlers up to 160 achers to occupy and settle "clear",May 16 1843 Jonh Lowe, William Lowe, Phillip Baker, William Bethel, Samuel Kemp, John Curry, George Curry and Joke Puke applied for land permits of Key Largo property- no land patons were issued because of lack of offical state survey.
1845 March 3rd Florida became a State.
The first rule of wrecking passed by an act of congress establishing the court in 1847. To hand this licences and theres rules to the master, and leave them with him, if he shall so desire, long enough to be read and understood by him. No obligation to accept his offer of help.-- 13 Rules of Wrecking
Marvin served as judge for the Supreem Court for the Southern Judicial District of the Teritory of Florida from 1838 until 1845.
Brandish Johson ( Hog)
Weather Ford Low ( Bull)
The wrecking ship and its master had to be liscened and the owners name had to be recorded.
Ship owners and warehouse owners - William Curry,John Lowe,Asa Tift
KEY'S HISTORY YOU TUBE
Hundreds of lost ships beneath the crystal blue waters of Key Largo. To hear their stories we need to dig a little deeper, to look, and to lsten. It has been said that the waters of the Florida Keys contain a least one thousand shipwrecks. A large percentage of these shipwrecks lie off the coast of Key Largo. Most of these shipwrecks remain undiscovered. They are buried beneath centuries of sand and coral. Each of these ships was once the pride of her captain and crew. Shipwreck is a dynamic environment, subject to change due to the effects of time, and of the sea's less than tender embrace.
SAN PEDRO UNDERWATER ARCHAEOLOGICAL PRESERVE
A shipwreck park named after the sunken Spanish ship "San Pedro", the underwater park is located under 18 feet of water approximately 1.25 nautical miles south from Indian Key. In 1773, the San Pedro, sailing under the Spanish flag, wrecked and went to the bottom off the Florida coast. The remains of the 287-ton San Pedro rest on a white sand pocket -- the home of sea creatures living amidst ballast stones and coral heads.
ALLIGATOR USS - Schooner (Keyes)
|24.51.07N||80.37.21W|BENWOOD - (Upper Keyes)
Benwood was a Norwegian freighter which sank in 1942 from a collision. Lies in 40 feet.
80.19.930W USCG BIB - (Keyes)
USCG Cutter Bib lies in 110 feet. Large yellow marker & mooring buoy. Two more mooring buoys on bow under 15' of water. Upright on bottom. Strong currents. Crow's nest at 50' and deck at 90'. Bow anchors at 45 degrees off bow.
|CITY OF WASHINGTON - (Keyes)
The City of Washington lies here in 15 to 25 feet of water.
|USCG DUANE - (Keyes)
USCG Cutter Wk lies in 125 feet. Cutter on starboard side with gunwales about 95'. Sank in 1985 as recreational diving site. 327' long. Buoyed bow & stern. 125' max depth.
EAGLE TIRE -Freighter (Upper Keys - Monroe County)
1733 – On July 15th a 22-ship treasure fleet was struck at the Keys by hurricane, leaving 13 ships sank or grounded, forever, in the 80 miles between Elliott Key and Key Vaca. After the storm perhaps a thousand people were left to survive for days on their sorry hulks or on the islets until help from Havana could arrive. One of North America’s greatest maritime disasters, it was unknown in our history until 1938, when diver Art McKee began his underwater and archival investigations of a “cannon wreck” shown to him by Islamorada fisherman Reggie Roberts.
EL LERRI TYRRI (San Felipe)- English Merchantman (Upper Keyes)
EL INFANTE - Galleon (Upper Keys)
|EL NAUVA VICTORIOSA - Galleon (Dade)
Sank in the great storm of 1773. Wreckage lies in 25 feet of water.
EL POPULO - Nuestra Senora Del POPULO - Galleon (Upper Keys)
|EL SUECO DE ARIZONA - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the great storm of 1773. Wk lies in 13 feet of water.
|HERRERA - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the great storm of 1773. Remains lie in 16 feet of water.
|GALLO INDIANA LA ALMIRANTA - Galleon (Upper Keyes)
Also called the "Cannonball Wreck". 12' in turbid water. From the 1733 fleet that went down in a hurricane. 500 Ton ship that carried 60 Cannon. Massive warship.
|LA CAPITANA - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the storm of 1733. Remains of this wreck lie in 18 feet of water.
|LAS TRES PUENTES - Galleon (Upper Keyes)
Sank in the great storm of 1771. Remains lie in 15 feet of water.
|NUESTRA SRA DE BELEM - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the storm of 1733. The remains now lies in 14 to 16 feet of water.
|NUESTRA SRA DEL ROSARIO - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the great storm of 1771. Lies in 10 feet of water.
|SAN ANTONIO DE PADUA - Galleon
Sank in the storm of 1733. Now lies in 16 feet of water.
|SAN FRANCISCO DE ASIS - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the storm of 1733. Now lies in 14 feet of water.
A ship of 293 tons. Ballast pile & cannon balls can be found.
|SUMEY DE SAN IGNACIO - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the great storm of 1733. Now lies in 11 feet of water.
|SAN JUAN BATISTA
Sank in the storm of 1773. Now lies in 14 feet of water.
|SAN JOSE DE LAS ANIMAS- Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the storm of 1733. Wreck now lies in 29 feet of water.
This 327 ton merchant ship was built in England. Was carrying silver coin and bullion as well as porcelain pottery, drugs, brazil wood ,hides & cocoa. Salvaged again in 1968.
|SAN PEDRO - Galleon (Upper Keys)
Sank in the storm of 1773. The wreck location is 1.25 nautical miles off Lower Matecumbe Key and 1 nautical mile off Indian Key. The site is well buoyed by the State. Lies in 18 feet of water.
The wreck of the 287 ton Dutch Built San Pedro was found in the 1960's in Hawk Channel. At this time the site was heavily salvaged by treasure hunters. Silver coins dating between 1731 and 1733 were recovered from the pile of ballast and cannons that marked the place of her demise. Elements of the ship's rigging and hardware as well as remnants of her cargo were unearthed and removed.
LIGHTHOUSES UPPER KEYS LIGHTHOUSES
SHIPS - SAILING - EARLY SPANISH
There is much more to Key Largo than the legends of the past -- the splendors of this tropical paradise provide a life style unchallenged anywhere in the world. Come and create your own legends, stay and let us share our unique heritage OCEAN POINTE Vacation Rental. We welcome you to this island of history and enchantment...Legendary Key Largo!
Sep 01-Dec 15 ... $125/night .. $ 800/week. (3 night min) Dec 16-Aug 31 ... $150/night .. $ 950/week. (3 night min) Holidays ........ $200/night .. $1100/week. (3 night min) Special Events .. $200/night .. $1100/week. (3 night min) Special Events includes Mini + Open Lobster Season. 20 % deposit required to make a reservation. Refundable up to 30 days before arrival date. Note: Until confirmed, rates are subject to change without notice.
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500 BURTON DRIVE, #1307, TAVERNIER, FLORIDA 33070
Beautifully decorated, two bedroom, two bath, third-floor Condo. This unit is located at Ocean Pointe Suite and is perfect for anyone who dives, loves to boat, or wants to fish. This cozy unit is warm and inviting for those looking for a relaxing vacation or a getaway.
Amenities: Phone, Air Conditioning, Cable TVS, VCR, Stereo, CD Player, Full Kitchen, Microwave, Dishwasher, Refrigerator, Ice Maker, Cooking Utensils provided, Linens provided, Washer, Dryer, Hot Tub, pool, BBQ grill
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OCEAN POINTE Holiday Vacation Rental
Ocean Pointe Suites at Key Largo. Spread across 67 acres of the Florida Keys ... 2 Lighted tennis courts, large pool, private beach, kayaking, volleyball ...
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